Thursday, March 29, 2007

Best Anti Balistic Missiles Of The World

The Pentagon says its Patriot Advanced Capability-3 (PAC-3) is the world’s “most advanced, capable and powerful’’ terminal air defence missile system. Pure hogwash, retorts Russia, brandishing its own S-300 PMU2 (Antey-2500) system.

The perfecting tactical and operative - tactical of ballistic missiles, including magnification of distance of their shooting, has required qualitative increase of performances of zenith rocket systems (AirDefence) of a defense (A). Today about 30 countries have unstrategic ballistic missiles of various distance of an operation. To such ballistic missiles concern "Atamks", "Ades", "Dunfen-3", "Dunfen-15", "Dunfen", "Skad-S", "Pershing", "Ierihon-2" and other. In a number of the states the programs on production and acceptance on arms of rocket systems of average distance of an operation capable will be realized(sold) to decide operative - strategically problems.

The creation of a russian system "Antey-2500" just also was called(caused) by such tendency of development of means of an attack. As has shown experience of war in the Persian gulf the selected direction has appeared duly and correct. The Americans were compelled to attend to perfecting of the system already upon termination of battle(dashing) operations in a Gulf. This work and now is even far from completion.

Mobile universal antimissile and anti-aircraft the system "Antey-2500" concerns to a new generation of systems antimissile and anti-aircraft of a defense. It is intended for a defense of the important state, military and industrial objects, groupings army from impacts of ballistic and aerodynamic means of an air attack. "Antey-2500" - unique in the world a universal remedy A and airdefence, capable effectively to struggle as with ballistic missiles with distances of start-up up to 2500 km, and with all kinds of the aerodynamic and aeroballistic purposes.

more here

Sunday, March 25, 2007

Color Photos of Russian Churches 100 Years Ago and Today

Russian photographer Sergei Prokudin-Gorskii (1863-1944) received a few patents for his color photo technique. He traveled across Russia in the beginning of the 20th century and made thousands of photos. I visited his exhibition and the photos are really stunning, especially when you understand that they were made 100 years ago but are fully in color. That’s a real lost world of Russia before the Soviet era, before WW2 and WW1.

Gorskii left Russia in 1918, going first to Norway and England before settling in France. By then, the tsar and his family had been executed during the Russian Revolution, and the Communist rule had been established over what was once the Russian Empire. His unique images of Russia on the eve of the revolution — recorded on glass plates — were purchased by the United States’ Library of Congress in 1948 from his heirs.

In 2001, the Library of Congress produced an exhibition, The Empire that was Russia. For this exhibition, the glass plates were scanned and color images were produced digitally from the scanned red, green, and blue monochrome images, using a process called Digichromatography which was developed by Walter Frankhauser.

In 2004, the Library contracted with Blaise Agüera y Arcas to produce an automated color composite of each of the 1,902 negatives from the high resolution digital images of the glass plate negatives. A complete description of his process and a list of other sites that have prepared digital color composite images are in the collection profile at the Library of Congress.

And here are the few photos of some churches in Seliger region that were made by Prokudin-Gorskii almost 100 years ago and each photo goes with a corresponding photo of the same place made nowadays.

photos here

Wednesday, March 21, 2007

Mars surface. Free wallpapers.

Rover Concept
Columbia Hills
keywords: mars exploration rovers, rover, Spirit, Opportunity, mars, phoebe, deimos, global surveyor, reconaissance orbiter, soujourner, exploration, orbit, crater, planet, moons, JPL, ASI, ESA, jet propulsion laboratory, nasa, nasa jpl, caltech

Thursday, March 15, 2007

20 Craziest Scientific researches

«Acute Management of the Zipper-Entrapped Penis» (1990)
Presented by J. F. Nolan, T. J. Stillwell, and J. P. Sands.
A quick, simple and non-traumatic approach to the zipper manipulation --the paper says-- is presented in which prepuce is instantly released by lateral compression of the zip fastener, using a pliers.
«Fragmentation of Rods by Cascading Cracks: Why Spaghetti Does Not Break in Half» (2006)
Presented by B. Audoly and S. Neukirch (Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris).
It explaines why, when you bend dry spaghetti, it often breaks into more than two pieces.

«Impact of Wet Underwear on Thermoregulatory Responses and Thermal Comfort in the Cold» (1994)
Presented by M. K. Bakkevig (Sintef Unimed in Trondheim, Norway) and R. Nielson (Technical University of Denmark).
Investigates the significance of wet underwear and compares any influence of fibre-type material and textile construction of underwear on thermoregulatory responses and thermal comfort of humans during rest in the cold. The tests showed that the thickness of the underwear has more of an influence on the thermoregulatory responses and thermal comfort, than the types of fibres tested.
«On Human Odour, Malaria Mosquitoes, and Limburger Cheese» (1996)
Presented by B. Knols
It shows that the female malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae is attracted equally to the smell of limburger cheese and to the smell of human feet.
»Rectal Foreign Bodies: Case Reports and a Comprehensive Review of the World's Literature» (1986)
Presented by D. B. Busch and J. R. Starling (Wisconsin).
Includes reports of, among other items: seven light bulbs; a knife sharpener; two flashlights; a wire spring; a snuff box; an oil can with potato stopper; eleven different forms of fruits, vegetables and other foodstuffs; a jeweler's saw; a frozen pig's tail; a tin cup; a beer glass; and one patient's remarkable ensemble collection consisting of spectacles, a suitcase key, a tobacco pouch and a magazine.
«The Pitch Drop Experiment,» (1984)
Presented by J. Mainstone and the late T. Parnell (University of Queensland, Australia)
An experiment that began in the year 1927 -- in which a glob of congealed black tar has been slowly, slowly dripping through a funnel, at a rate of approximately one drop every nine years.
«The Relationship Among Height, Penile Length, and Foot Size» (1993)
Presented by J. Bain (Mt. Sinai Hospital, Toronto) and K. Siminoski (University of Alberta).
While comparing height, foot size and penile length, Bain said the relationship was minimal. "We found a weak correlation," he said and added this ratio should not be used by anyone to assess the size of a man's penis.
«Elucidation of Chemical Compounds Responsible for Foot Malodour» (1990)
Presented by F. Kanda and others five scientist (Shisedo Research Center, Yokohama).
It concluded that people who think they have foot odor do, and those who don't, don't.
«Navigation-Related Structural Change In the Hippocampi of Taxi Drivers» (2000)
E. Maguire, and others (University College London)
Presented evidence that the brains of London taxi drivers are more highly developed than those of their fellow citizens.
«Secret Life: Firsthand, Documented Accounts of UFO Abductions» (1992) Presented by J. Mack (Harvard Medical School) and D. Jacobs (Temple University).
Concluded that people who believe they were kidnapped by aliens from outer space, probably were, and that "the focus of the abduction is the production of children."
«Interim Report: Results of the National Demonstration Project To Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness In Washington, D.C., June 7 to July 30, 1993» (1993)
Presented by J. Hagelin (Maharishi University and The Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy).
Concluded that 4,000 trained meditators caused an 18 percent decrease in violent crime in Washington, D.C.
«Survey of Frog Odorous Secretions, Their Possible Functions and Phylogenetic Significance» (2004)
Presented by Benjamin Smith (University of Adelaide, Australia) and others.
It catalogs the peculiar odors produced by 131 different species of frogs when the frogs were feeling stressed.
«Blink-Free Photos, Guaranteed» (2006)
Presented by N. Svenson and P. Barnes (Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Research Organization)
It calculated the number of photographs you must take to (almost) ensure that nobody in a group photo will have their eyes closed.
«Transmission of Gonorrhea Through an Inflatable Doll» (1993)
Presented by E. Kleist (Nuuk, Greenland) and H. Moi (Oslo, Norway).
«A Man Who Pricked His Finger and Smelled Putrid for 5 Years» (1996)
Presented by C. Mills, M. Llewelyn, D. Kelly, and P/ Holt (Royal Gwent Hospital, Newport).
«Chicken Plucking as Measure of Tornado Wind Speed» (1975)
Presented by B. Vonnegut (State University of New York at Albany).
«Ultrasonic Velocity in Cheddar Cheese as Affected by Temperature» (2006)
Presented by A. Mulet, J. Benedito and J. Bon (Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Spain) and C. Rosselló (Universitat de les Illes Balears).
«The Effect of Country Music on Suicide» (1992)
Presented by S. Stack (Wayne State University) and J. Gundlach (Auburn University).
«Chickens Prefer Beautiful Humans» (2002)
S. Ghirlanda, L. Jansson, and M. Enquist (Stockholm University)
«Demonstration of the Exponential Decay Law Using Beer Froth» (2002)
Presented by A. Leike (University of Munich)
Demonstrated that beer froth obeys the mathematical Law of Exponential Decay.


10 Most spectacular 2008 cars

2008 Acura NSX

Honda recently unveiled the Acura Advanced Sports Car Concept, a preview of the design direction for the successor to the Acura NSX. The concept is designed to incorporate a powerful front-mounted, V-10 engine and a new high-performance, rear-wheel-drive based version of Acura's 'Super Handling All-Wheel Drive' (SH-AWD). "Our intention was to design an exotic sports car that gracefully combines advanced technology and strong emotion," said Jon Ikeda, principal designer, Acura Design Center. "The technical, machined surfaces and keen-edge design are balanced with sweeping curves and dramatic lines, all of which results in the ultimate exotic sports car." The production version of the new NSX will arrive at the Tokyo Motor Show in fall 2007.

2008 Lamborghini Murcielago LP640 Roadster

In their re-interpretation of the Roadster, the designers of the Lamborghini Centro Stile have remained true to the original style principles of purism, sportiness and functionality. As with the Coupé it has now assumed a more aggressive appearance, a substantial influence being the new front and rear bumpers. On the latter there is a new rear diffuser, in which the exhaust system is integrated within a tailpipe.
As with the Coupé the new 6.5 litre (6.496 cm3) 60° V-engine and 640 PS (471 kW) at 8,000 min-1 is now used also in the Lamborghini Murciélago Roadster. At 6,000 min-1 the 12-cylinder engine reaches the maximum torque of 660 Nm. Naturally the Lamborghini Murciélago meets all the current valid European and North American emission standards.
Higher performance and torque naturally mean increased demand on the drive components. A six-gear transmission adapted to these requirements, plus a stronger rear differential and new half-axles, have therefore been deployed in the new Murciélago Roadster. An e-gear transmission with a newly tuned thrust mode (acceleration program) is also available as an option.
Innovations have also been made to the electronics. With a closed loop control system the revised electronic control units improve the road performance and the response characteristics of the engine. All engine and vehicle parameters are controlled and monitored through a combination of three ‘master’ and one ‘slave’ control units.

2008 Honda Accord

Honda has officially announced the all-new Accord coupe concept, and it looks a whole lot more compact than expected. It seems not that much bigger than a Civic, in fact, except it has a somewhat Mustang-esque front end and a Tiburon-like profile. Unveiled at NAIAS in Detroit, the Accord coupe has a "long hood, deeply sculpted lower body and fastback roofline." Under the hood is a "more powerful and lower-emissions V6 engine", said to provide "higher fuel efficiency with the incorporation of Honda's next-generation Variable Cylinder Management (VCM) technology." And yes, it's got variable valve timing too, via Honda's i-VTEC system.

2008 Scion tC

What would happen if a Japanese carmaker built an interpretation of the classic 1949 Mercury lead-sled hot rod? The Scion Fuse concept, that's what. The Fuse's low stance, chopped roofline, and sinister expression make it a pretty arresting car to behold, even with its Chrysler 300-style vertical taillights. Developed and built in California, the Fuse is likely a preview of the next-generation tC coupe: Scion discusses the concept's "intention to expand the performance envelope among affordable, entry-level sport coupes." If Toyota's cradle-robbing brand builds an affordable coupe that looks this cool, the car certainly would find its way onto our favorites list. Still, the tC's successor is surely a few years down the road, and many of the Fuse's features are pretty fanciful for production duty. LED turn signals residing at the end of each spoke of the requisite twenty-inch wheels highlight the concept-only bits. A big sunroof, scissor doors, and wi-fi Internet access enhance street cred, while parking-lot cred is assisted by a versatile cabin that includes two flat-screen TVs and front seats that can transform into a footrest/table. A proper truck tailgate is no longer a prerequisite for pregame fun, and the Fuse sports a slick bench that flips out of the rear cargo area. The Fuse also snags a couple tailgating features from the Dodge Caliber: adjustable speakers for tailgating and a cooler for beverages.

2008 Pontiac G6 GXP

Pontiac has announced two new GXP models for the 2008 model year. Both the G6 and Torrent will be recipients of new performance related upgrades. Originally shown as a concept car last year, the new 2008 G6 GXP will be available as both a sedan and a coupe. The G6 GXP will feature a new 3.6L DOHC V-6 engine that produces 252 horsepower backed by a Hydra-Matic 6T70 six-speed automatic transmission. Other features of the 2008 G6 GXP will include performance-tuned suspension, 18-inch wheels, and GXP-unique exterior and interior details. The 2008 Torrent GXP sports a slightly more powerful 3.6L DOHC V-6 engine, which produces 263 horsepower. The enhanced engine brings the performance-oriented SUV to 60 mph in 6.9 seconds. Much like the G6 GXP, the Torrent GXP will feature lowered suspension, 18-inch wheels, and unique exterior details. Both AWD and FWD versions of the Torrent GXP will be made available.

2008 Dodge Viper SRT10

Chrysler has revealed the 2008 Dodge Viper SRT10 — a more powerful version of its popular two-seat sports cars. It will arrive in Dodge showrooms in North America this summer. The SRT model gains an additional 90 horsepower from the new 8.4-liter powerplant, for a total of 600 hp and 560 lb.-ft. of torque. Zero to 60 mph takes under four seconds, and 0-100-0 mph is completed in just over 12 seconds. The Viper SRT10's 8.4-liter engine breathes through new cylinder heads equipped with CNC-machhined combustion chambers, larger valves and Variable Valve Timing (VVT). VVT electronically adjusts when the exhaust valves are open and closed according to engine speed and load. The Viper SRT10's V10 channels its power through a new, smaller-diameter, twin-disc clutch. The transmission is the latest evolution of the Tremec T56 six-speed manual, known as the TR6060. It features 10 percent wider gears for higher torque capacity and a new synchronizer package. Stopping power is another key attribute of the Dodge Viper SRT10 formula, with 14-inch brake rotors gripped by Brembo dual opposing calipers, good for 60-to-0 mph in less than 100 feet.

2008 Jaguar S-Type

Jaguar is dumping retro design for the new S-type in exchange for a contemporary feel inside and out. The four-door sedan will be a reskin of the current car and offer a roomier interior and more cargo space. The styling may be different, but the targets--the BMW 5-series, the Audi A6, and the Mercedes-Benz E-class--will remain the same. The S-type arrives in 2007.

2008 Nissan Skyline GT-R

Nissan gave the world a big glimpse of its keenly anticipated 2008 Skyline GT-R with this carefully constructed show car. The GT-R PROTO is not a near-production model, though, as the interior is just a blank black panel, and Nissan is providing absolutely no details on the powertrain, suspension, or other critical technical details. Nissan wants to maintain the car's mystique for another two years, since the production car won't debut until the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show. Besides, the GT-R development team is still camped out at the Nürburgring, fine-tuning what is sure to be the most exciting new Nissan to come along in years.
Yet there is plenty to glean from the muscular show car, which features the Skyline GT-R's signature four round taillamps as well as four big-bore mufflers. Shaped as much for aerodynamic efficiency and functionality as for awesome road presence, the GT-R PROTO should whet the appetite and please the masses.
With Nissan insiders under a strict, mafia-like code of omerta (silence), the Tokyo grapevine reports that the 2008 production car will have a twin-turbo V-6 engine displacing about 3.8 liters and producing somewhere between 400 and 500 hp. We hope it will be closer to the latter figure. It also will feature an updated version of Nissan's ATTESA all-wheel-drive system.

2008 Chrysler Firepower

This concept drapes a curvaceous new body over a Viper chassis. In place of the Viper's V-10, the Firepower slots in the new 6.1-liter Hemi (from the 300C SRT8) under its grooved hood and mates it to an automatic transmission. The design is the work of Brian Nielander, who penned last year's ME Four-Twelve, and similarities can be seen in the front end and in the use of tiny, torpedo-shaped LEDs. From the side, the look recalls current Aston Martins, and the fastback features a rear hatch. A glass roof lets light into the gorgeous, chrome-drenched interior, which provides cozy accommodations for two. Brembo brakes peek through nineteen-inch wheels at the front (wrapped in 275/35-series tires) and twenties at the rear (with even more extreme 335/30-series rubber). The anemic sales of Chrysler's Crossfire would seem to doom production prospects for another high-performance, two-seat coupe, but the company's need to fill its underutilized Conner Avenue Viper assembly plant might give the Firepower a chance. If so, the car will likely get a new moniker, as the Firepower name belongs to Exide batteries.
Recently spotted Dodge Viper prototypes with huge hood vents could be test mules for the Chrysler Firepower. The 2005 Firepower concept was built on the Viper chassis. If the car bows in 2007, it could be renamed, as Exide.

2008 Cadillac CTS

General Motors has revealed the 2008 Cadillac CTS — an all-new version of its popular midsize sedan, on display at the Detroit auto show this week. The new model is wider and longer than its predecessor, with a 113-inch wheelbase the only unchanged measurement. Some of the most noticeable changes come to the interior, which GM promises will be extremely competitive with European rivals. The base model features a 3.6-liter variable-valve-timing V6 with 258 horsepower. A direct-injection version offers 300 horsepower. GM is expected to introduce a high-performance CTS-V for the 2009 model year at a later date. Like its predecessor, the 2008 CTS is offered with rear- or all-wheel-drive. Some suspension, braking, and steering improvements from last year's CTS-V have been added to the standard CTS. Optional features include iPod integration, swiveling headlights, Bose premium audio, and remote start.



Saturday, March 10, 2007

The Great War: how it was. Multimedia map of the war.

The Great War: how it was. Multimedia map of the war.

Today, the Internet allows us to tell the old story in a new way, to put in plain words what this war represented for our grandfathers. By using a multimedia map of the war, we attempted to combine historic facts with archival materials and personal accounts shared with us in recent times, without any bias or judgment. We strived not only to present a coherent picture of the events, but also to initiate a dialogue between generations – remember, the personal accounts included in this project are but a tiny part of what the veterans can tell us.

In this year of the 60-th Anniversary of the Victory we wish to personally thank the soldiers of the Great War living among us, and tell the story of their heroism.

POBEDITELI: Soldiers of the Great War becomes first Russian prizewinner at the World Summit Award Contest.